Virgin Most Powerful

By: Tony Capobianco

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Let the storm rage and the sky darken — not for that shall we be dismayed. If we trust as we should in Mary, we shall recognize in her, the Virgin Most Powerful who with virginal foot did crush the head of the serpent.
— (Pope St. Pius X)

There are three degrees of worship in Catholicism called Latria, Dulia, and Hyperdulia. The New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia defines them as follows:

“1.) Latria: is the worship which is due to God alone. It is the superior, absolute, supreme worship and adoration of God alone. This degree of worship, if directed at any creature, would be idolatry.

2.) Dulia: is when worship is addressed only indirectly to God, that is, when its object is the veneration of martyrs, of angels, or of saints, it is a subordinate worship dependent on the first, and relative, in so far as it honours the creatures of God for their peculiar relations with Him. It is a term denoting servitude, and implying, when used to signify our worship of distinguished servants of God, that their service to Him is their title to our veneration (cf. Chollet, loc. cit., col. 2407, and BouquillonTractatus de virtute religionis, I, Bruges, 1880, 22 sq.).

3.) Hyperdulia: As the Blessed Virgin has a separate and absolutely supereminent rank among the saints, the worship paid to her is called hyperdulia (for the meaning and history of these terms see Suicer, Thesaurus ecclesiasticus, 1728).”

The New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia beautifully gives further explanation of the special honor granted to the Most Holy Mother of God through hyperdulia:

The Blessed Virgin, as manifesting in a sublimer manner than any other creature the goodness of God, deserves from us a higher recognition and deeper veneration than any other of the saints; and this peculiar cultus due to her because of her unique position in the Divine economy, is designated in theology hyperdulia, that is dulia in an eminent degree.
— (newadvent.org)

St. Bonaventure explains that the Blessed Virgin is due more glory than everyone except God:

The seventh privilege of Mary is that she, above all the Saints, is most excellent in glory. St. Jerome says: ‘Everywhere the holy Church of God sings, what it is unlawful to believe of any other of the saints, that the merits (of Mary) transcend those of all angels and archangels. This privilege not, as it were, of nature, but of grace—belongs to the Virgin Mary.’ Behold how glorious is the privilege of Mary’s glory that she, after God, is most exalted in glory. The glorious privilege of the glory of Mary is, that whatever after God is most beautiful, whatever is sweetest, whatever is pleasanter in glory, that is Mary’s, that is in Mary, that is by Mary. It is entirely the glorious privilege of Mary, that, after God, our greatest glory and our greatest joy is because of her. St. Bernard says: ‘After God, it is our greatest glory, O Mary, to behold thee, to adhere to thee, to abide in the defense of thy protection.’
— (Bonaventure, Mirror of the Blessed Virgin Mary)

Why is Mary the Virgin Most Powerful? Why does she receive hyperdulia? This title and this degree of worship is right and just for many reasons. First and foremost, the Blessed Virgin Mary is the Holy Mother of God. All of the following reasons are bound together in the truth that she is the Mother of God. Secondly, she is the Queen of Heaven and Earth, so it is fitting for her to also have the title of Virgo Potens (Virgin Most Powerful). Thirdly, she is The Immaculate Conception. Fourthly, The Most Blessed Virgin is the humblest of all creatures. Fifthly, Mary Ever Virgin is the New Eve. Sixthly she is The Ark of the New Covenant. Seventhly, Our Lady of Sorrows shared in Our Blessed Lord’s Passion in a unique way as she faithfully stood at the foot of the Cross and therefore she shares in His glorifaction in a way which far surpasses all other creatures. Furthermore, it is pleasing to The Lord Jesus Christ that His Mother be raised above all other creatures. Jesus is the best Son and we can never love His Mother more than He does. The Most Blessed Virgin reflects the light of her Son more perfectly than all other creatures combined. For good reason, the saints have often said that Christ is the Sun and the Blessed Mother is the moon.

Holy Mother of God

The fact that the Most Blessed Virgin Mary is the Mother of God is made clear through both Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition. New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia says:

Mary’s Divine motherhood is based on the teaching of the Gospels, on the writings of the Fathers, and on the express definition of the Church. St. Matthew (1:25) testifies that Mary ‘brought forth her first-born son’ and that He was called Jesus. According to St. John (1:15) Jesus is the Word made flesh, the Word Who assumed human nature in the womb of Mary. As Mary was truly the mother of Jesus, and as Jesus was truly God from the first moment of His conception, Mary is truly the mother of God. Even the earliest Fathers did not hesitate to draw this conclusion as may be seen in the writings of St. Ignatius [72], St. Irenaeus [73], and Tertullian [74]. The contention of Nestorius denying to Mary the title ‘Mother of God’ [75] was followed by the teaching of the Council of Ephesus proclaiming Mary to be Theotokos in the true sense of the word. [76]

Being the Mother of God causes the Most Blessed Virgin Mary to have an absolutely unique relationship with the Most Blessed Trinity. This awe inspiring privilege, this great mystery of faith, is truly ineffable. It also has a relation to her Immaculate Conception, her Queenship, her sea of grace, her humility, her obedience, and her sharing in her Divine Son’s Passion, Triumph, and glorification. As the Mother of God, she is the Ark of the New Covenant and she is the New Eve and the Mother of the Church. This unique relationship as Mother of God indicates that she is closer to the Second Person of the Most Holy Trinity than any other creature and as such she is closer to His Power, thereby making her most powerful.

Queen of Heaven and Earth

The Virgin Most Powerful is the Queen of Heaven and Earth. God willed that the Most Blessed Virgin receive a heavenly coronation elevating her higher than all the angels and saints. No creature, neither angel or saint is more powerful than the Blessed Virgin Mary. The Heavenly hierarchy is God above all, then followed by the Blessed Virgin, and then the angels and saints. At one time Lucifer enjoyed the highest rank, under God, until he rebelled and fell like lightning across the sky. The Blessed Virgin Mary, however, is far higher in rank, grace, glory, beauty, honor, holiness, and perfection than Lucifer ever was before he fell from grace.

In chapter 6 of his inspirational work, Mirror of the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. Bonaventure brilliantly writes of Mary’s power:

The sixth privilege of Mary was that she alone, above all creatures, is most powerful with God. St. Augustine says: ‘She merited to be the mother of the Redeemer.’ He also says: ‘Beg for what we ask, excuse what we fear, because we shall never find one more powerful in merit than thee, who hast merited to be the Mother of the Redeemer and of the Judge. It is a great privilege that she is more powerful with God than all the Saints’, as St. Augustine declares: ‘There is no doubt that she who brought forth the price by which all were freed, can above all others pay the suffrage of holy liberty.’ But what would it avail us for Mary to have such great power if she cared nothing for us ? Therefore, brethren, we must hold it for certain, and incessantly give thanks for this, that, as she has more power with God than all the Saints, so is she also more solicitous for us before God than all the Saints. It is the same Augustine who teaches us this, saying: ‘We know, O Mary, that thou above all the saints art solicitous for the holy Church—thou who obtainest for sinners time to repent, that they may renounce their errors.’
— (St. Bonaventure, Mirror of the Blessed Virgin Mary)

The following passage has two meanings as it speaks both of the Blessed Virgin and of the Church. The Church fits this passage more fully but nevertheless it also relates to and depicts the Blessed Virgin as the Queen of Heaven. This double meaning is appropriate because the Blessed Virgin is the mother of the Church and she is also the most preeminent member of the Church. The phrase “A woman clothed with the sun” is very fitting because Mary receives her light and her ocean of graces from her Divine Son, Jesus Christ. The Most Blessed Virgin is truly clothed by her beloved Son as He adorns her with the most brilliant light, grace, and truth of His splendor. Within Sacred Scripture St. John shows us that Mary is the Queen of Heaven:

[1] And a great sign appeared in heaven: A woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars:
— (Apocalypse 12: 1)

Immaculate Conception

The Immaculate Conception means that the Blessed Virgin Mary was conceived without sin in her mother’s womb. Applying Christ’s merits and victory of the Cross backwards in time, God created Mary free from the stain of original sin. This is entirely fitting because she was to be the Ark of the New Covenant as she was to carry the Word of God Himself within her virginal womb. Of all of God’s creatures, she is the most excellent and she has by far, the highest level of grace. It is for this reason that the angel greeted Mary thus:

[28] And the angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. [29]
— (Luke 1: 28-29)

On account of the special privilege granted to the Blessed Virgin Mary by God through her Immaculate Conception, she was filled with an ocean of graces. These graces, lavishly and lovingly bestowed upon her by God, raise her to the most exalted place above all other creatures in heaven. These divinely granted graces imbue her with power which is only second to God. Doctor of the Church, St. Bonaventure wonderfully expresses it like this:

Secondly, let us consider that Mary is full of the outpouring of grace in her affections. For such was the inundation of grace, so great was its depth and magnitude in Mary, that she could well be called a full sea according to that word: ‘Let the sea roar, and the fullness thereof’ (I Par. XVI, 32.) As in the sea there is a gathering together of waters, so in Mary is a gathering together of graces. Therefore it is written: ‘The gathering together of the waters was called (Vulg. ‘he called’) seas’ (Gen. I, 10.) It is also said in Ecclesiastes: ‘All the rivers run into the sea’ (I, 7.) All the rivers are the gifts of the graces, which entered into Mary, according to that word of Wisdom: ‘In me is all grace of the way and of the truth’ (Ecclus. XXIV, 25.) How full is this sea, how full of grace is Mary, St. Jerome declares, saying: ‘Truly full, because on others it is only bestowed in part, but on Mary the whole plenitude of grace was outpoured at once.’ This sea, therefore, being full, let us hear it roar against vices. Let the sea roar, therefore, and the fullness thereof, let the full sea, let the full Mary, roar. Let it roar against luxury, preach chastity, and say: ‘How shall this be done, for I know not man?’ Let it also roar against pride, by humility, saying: ‘Behold the handmaid of the Lord.’ Let it roar against ingratitude, giving thanks and saying: ‘Behold the handmaid of the Lord.... My soul doth magnify the Lord.’ Of the fullness of this sea it is likewise said in the Psalm: ‘Let the sea be moved, and the fullness thereof.’ Let the sea be moved, let Mary be moved, let her be moved by our sighs and mortifications, let her be moved by our tears and prayers, let her be moved by our alms and our other acts of veneration. Let her be moved fully, I say, that she may pour out on us of her fullness.
— (St. Bonaventure, Mirror of the Blessed Virgin Mary)

Pope Pius IX defines the beautiful Dogma of the Immaculate Conception:

Wherefore, in humility and fasting, we unceasingly offered our private prayers as well as the public prayers of the Church to God the Father through his Son, that he would deign to direct and strengthen our mind by the power of the Holy Spirit. In like manner did we implore the help of the entire heavenly host as we ardently invoked the Paraclete. Accordingly, by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, for the honor of the Holy and undivided Trinity, for the glory and adornment of the Virgin Mother of God, for the exaltation of the Catholic Faith, and for the furtherance of the Catholic religion, by the authority of Jesus Christ our Lord, of the Blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, and by our own: ‘We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful.’ [29]

Hence, if anyone shall dare — which God forbid! — to think otherwise than as has been defined by us, let him know and understand that he is condemned by his own judgment; that he has suffered shipwreck in the faith; that he has separated from the unity of the Church; and that, furthermore, by his own action he incurs the penalties established by law if he should are to express in words or writing or by any other outward means the errors he think in his heart.
— (Pius IX, Ineffabilis Deus)

Humility of Our Lady

The perfect humility of the Blessed Virgin Mary is clearly shown through the Magnificat:

[46] And Mary said: My soul doth magnify the Lord. [47] And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. [48] Because he hath regarded the humility of his handmaid; for behold from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed. [49] Because he that is mighty, hath done great things to me; and holy is his name. [50] And his mercy is from generation unto generations, to them that fear him.


[51] He hath shewed might in his arm: he hath scattered the proud in the conceit of their heart. [52] He hath put down the mighty from their seat, and hath exalted the humble. [53] He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away. [54] He hath received Israel his servant, being mindful of his mercy: [55] As he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his seed for ever.
— (Luke 1: 46-55)

The perfect humility of the Blessed Virgin Mary is the very reason that the Lord has exalted her. There is no sinful pride to be found in the holy Mother of God. For even though she received the greeting “Hail, Full of Grace” from the archangel and she knew that through her fiat, she was the Mother of God, carrying the Word of God in her virginal womb, she still responded that she was the lowly handmaid of the Lord. Such a humble response to being the recipient of such an unfathomable honor is mind boggling to sinful creatures, such as ourselves, who struggle with concupiscence. The holy humility of the Blessed Virgin Mary is most pleasing to God. In the Sacred Scriptures God has said that the first would be last and the last would be first. This holy humility is another reason that the Lord has exalted his Mother as the Virgin Most Powerful. St. Louis Marie de Montfort speaks of the elevation of Mary on account of her humility:

Mary has the authority over the angels and the blessed in heaven. As a reward for her great humility, God gave her the power and mission of assigning to saints the thrones made vacant by the apostate angels who fell away through pride. Such is the will of the almighty God who exalts the humble, that the powers of heaven, earth and hell, willingly or unwillingly, must obey the commands of the humble Virgin Mary. For God has made her queen of heaven and earth, leader of his armies, keeper of his treasure, dispenser of his graces, mediatrix on behalf of men, destroyer of his enemies, and faithful associate in his great works and triumphs.
— (Saint Louis Marie de Montfort, True Devotion to Mary)

Blessed Mary Ever Virgin is the New Eve

Eve, in the Garden of Eden was deceived by an angel, a fallen angel. This succumbing to the first temptation by our first parents affected the entire human race as Adam and Eve committed the first mortal sin, The Original Sin. So in accordance with God’s holy will, it is most fitting that He brought about the potential salvation for the human race through a New Adam and a New Eve. Just as a fallen angel, Satan the ancient serpent, was the herald of sin, death, and condemnation entering into the world through his diabolical treachery in the Garden of Eden; So too was a heavenly archangel named Gabriel, the herald of the good news of redemption and salvation to The Woman named Mary, during the Annunciation. In his classic work Against Heresies, St. Irenaeus explains:

In accordance with this design, Mary the Virgin is found obedient, saying, ‘Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word.’ (2) But Eve was disobedient; for she did not obey when as yet she was a virgin. And even as she, having indeed a husband, Adam, but being nevertheless as yet a virgin (for in Paradise ‘they were both naked, and were not ashamed,’ (3) inasmuch as they, having been created a short time previously, had no understanding of the procreation of children: for it was necessary that they should first come to adult age,(4) and then multiply from that time onward), having become disobedient, was made the cause of death, both to herself and to the entire human race; so also did Mary, having a man betrothed [to her], and being nevertheless a virgin, by yielding obedience, become the cause of salvation, both to herself and the whole human race. And on this account does the law term a woman betrothed to a man, the wife of him who had betrothed her, although she was as yet a virgin; thus indicating the back-reference from Mary to Eve, because what is joined together could not otherwise be put asunder than by inversion of the process by which these bonds of union had arisen; so that the former ties be cancelled by the latter, that the latter may set the former again at liberty. And it has, in fact, happened that the first compact looses from the second tie, but that the second tie takes the position of the first which has been cancelled.(6) For this reason did the Lord declare that the first should in truth be last, and the last first.(7) And the prophet, too, indicates the same, saying, ‘instead of fathers, children have been born unto thee.’ (8) For the Lord, having been born ‘the First- begotten of the dead,’ (9) and receiving into His bosom the ancient fathers, has regenerated them into the life of God, He having been made Himself the beginning of those that live, as Adam became the beginning of those who die.(10) Wherefore also Luke, commencing the genealogy with the Lord, carried it back to Adam, indicating that it was He who regenerated them into the Gospel of life, and not they Him. And thus also it was that the knot of Eve’s disobedience was loosed by the obedience of Mary. For what the virgin Eve had bound fast through unbelief, this did the virgin Mary set free through faith.
— (St. Irenaeus, Against Heresies, Book III Chapter 22)

The advent of the New Eve was foretold in Genesis 3: 14-15 and indeed this prophecy is in large part, why Satan and the demons tremble at the name of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

[14] And the Lord God said to the serpent: Because thou hast done this thing, thou art cursed among all cattle, and beasts of the earth: upon thy breast shalt thou go, and earth shalt thou eat all the days of thy life. [15] I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel.
— (Genesis 3: 14-15)

The above prophecy clearly illustrates the great power of the Most Blessed Virgin. More evidence that she truly is the Virgin Most Powerful is in the fact that in addition to her role in crushing the head of the wicked serpent, the diabolical forces of darkness exceedingly fear her. Doctor of the Church St. Bonaventure says:

Men do not fear a powerful hostile army as the powers of hell fear the name and protection of Mary.
— (St. Bonaventure)

Mary is the Ark of the New Covenant

To explain this glorious truth, an extensive quote from an excellent article by Brother Andre Marie will be cited:

Hail, Full of Grace

Atop the ark was the ‘propitiatory.’ The Catholic Encyclopedia points out that ‘the corresponding Hebrew word means both “cover” and ‘that which makes propitious.’” This cover, then, was where God was made propitious (favorably disposed or benevolent) to His people. This fits the antitype of Our Lady, who ‘found grace with God’ (Luke 1:30), and thus made Him propitious so that He ‘overshadowed’ her and dwelt in her. Mary is the new propitiatory where God became favorably disposed to mankind.

Seeing Our Lady as the New Ark in the Annunciation is no novelty. St. Gregory Thaumaturgus (+c.270), in his Third Homily on the Annunciation to the Holy Virgin Mary , has God the Father speak thus to St. Gabriel: ‘Speak in the ears of my rational ark, so as to prepare for me the accesses of hearing. But neither disturb nor vex the soul of the virgin.’

Upon the ark — on the propitiatory, between the two cherubim — was where the shekinah , or ‘glory cloud,’ came down. Derived from the Hebrew word for ‘to dwell,’ this was God’s visible manifestation showing that he ‘dwelt’ with His chosen people. On the two occasions when the ark was enshrined in the tabernacle and the Temple of Solomon respectively (Exod. 40:32-33 and 3 Kings 8:6-11), the shekinah filled them in so spectacular a way that neither Moses nor the priests could enter in. Now the shekinah is identified with the action of the Third Person in both Catholic and Protestant circles. The descent of the Holy Ghost on the day of Pentecost, for instance, is seen as an antitype of the glory cloud overshadowing the Temple.

With that for our background, let us consider the Annunciation. The language of St. Luke’s narration seems to echo that of Moses in Exodus:

Exodus 40:32 [v. 34 in other translations]: ‘The cloud covered the tabernacle of the testimony, and the glory of the Lord filled it.’

Luke 1:35: ‘The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.’

Scholars point out that the Greek word for ‘overshadow’ used by St. Luke ( epischiadze ) is also used in Exodus 40 in the Septuagint, the Greek Old Testament most often cited by Our Lord and the Apostles. As the glory cloud covered and filled the tabernacle, over the ark, so the Holy Ghost came upon and overshadowed the New Ark.

Another way the Annunciation was foreshadowed in the story of the ark is the passage of the Israelites over the Jordan into the land of promise. In the history, as it is related in the book of Josue, Chapter 3, God works a miracle to let his children pass over the waters. We should keep in mind that Josue is a type of Jesus. In fact, the two had the very same name: ‘Jesus’ is ‘Josue’ coming into English via Greek, whereas ‘Josue’ (or ‘Joshua’) comes directly from Hebrew. Also, because Moses was punished for his doubt (Deut. 32:48-52), he could only look at Canaan from afar; Josue was chosen by God to lead the people into the Promised Land. Moses represents the Old Law, while the Promised Land represents Heaven. Moses was insufficient to lead God’s people into Heaven, but Josue — Jesus — could do it. This Josue / Jesus typology is standard fare in Scripture study.

As God had promised, when the priests carrying the ark set their feet in the Jordan, the waters were stopped, allowing the people to pass into Palestine. The waters swelled up like a mountain as the thousands of Israelites passed through. Upstream, the river backed up all the way to a town named ‘Adam’ (‘Adom’ in Douay Rheims Bible, but ‘Adam’ in other translations), while the downstream waters flowed into the Dead Sea. Now, what is it that flows from ‘Adam,’ leading to the ‘sea of death’ (damnation, hell) and which prevents entrance into the heavenly Promised Land? Original Sin.

The old ark stopped the flow of water from the city Adam to the Dead Sea, but the New Ark stopped the flow of sin from the man Adam. In her Immaculate Conception, Mary stopped the putrid stream so that the New Josue could lead men to the true Promised Land. Worthy of note is that the ark didn’t get wet by the waters: as soon as the feet of the priests carrying it touched the Jordan, it stopped flowing. Similarly, Mary was not even touched by sin.

Some commentators have reckoned 10th Nisan — the Jewish calendar date for the Israelite crossing of the Jordan — as March 25th, the date of the Annunciation and Incarnation of Our Lord in the immaculate womb of Mary. Made worthy of being God’s Mother by her Immaculate Conception, Mary opens a channel through sin’s murky waters, allowing the New Josue to lead His chosen people to Heaven.
— (Br. Andre Marie, Catholicism.org)

In Sacred Scripture it is written:

[6] Then Josue the son of Nun called the priests, and said to them: Take the ark of the covenant: and let seven other priests take the seven trumpets of the jubilee, and march before the ark of the Lord. [7] And he said to the people: Go, and compass the city, armed, marching before the ark of the Lord. [8] And when Josue had ended his words, and the seven priests blew the seven trumpets before the ark of the covenant of the Lord, [9] And all the armed men went before, the rest of the common people followed the ark, and the sound of the trumpets was heard on all sides. [10] But Josue had commanded the people, saying: You shall not shout, nor shall your voice be heard, nor any word go out of your mouth: until the day come wherein I shall say to you: Cry, and shout.

[11] So the ark of the Lord went about the city once a day, and returning into the camp, abode there. [12] And Josue rising before day, the priests took the ark of the Lord, [13] And seven of them seven trumpets, which are used in the jubilee: and they went before the ark of the Lord walking and sounding the trumpets: and the armed men went before them, and the rest of the common people followed the ark, and they blew the trumpets. [14] And they went round about the city the second day once, and returned into the camp. So they did six days. [15] But the seventh day, rising up early, they went about the city, as it was ordered, seven times.
— (Joshua 6: 6-15)

Our elder brothers in the faith, the Jews of the Old Testament, highly honored the Ark of the Covenant and rallied around it. So too ought we Catholics honor and rally around the Ark of the New Covenant, the Holy Mother of God. The Ark of the Old Covenant contained the 10 Commandments which were made of stone and in addition the ark held the mana which came from heaven. That ancient Ark was built by human hands, under the precise specifications of God. How much greater is Mary? She who was created and sculpted by God Himself? How much more worthy of being honored is she? This Mary, the Ark of the New Covenant is the Holy Mother of God and the Queen of Heaven and Earth. This Mary carried the Word of God made flesh within her virginal womb. The Ark of the Old Covenant was a biblical type of Jesus and Mary. Jesus and Mary, as the New Adam and Eve are so connected to each other that they share many things together even though Christ is always the Head. Certainly we ought to desire to be knights in her army.

Our Lady of Sorrows Shares in a Supremely Unique Way the Passion and Glory of Jesus Christ.

14. With the whole Church I acknowledge that Mary, being a mere creature fashioned by the hands of God is, compared to his infinite majesty, less than an atom, or rather is simply nothing, since he alone can say, ‘I am he who is’. Consequently, this great Lord, who is ever independent and self-sufficient, never had and does not now have any absolute need of the Blessed Virgin for the accomplishment of his will and the manifestation of his glory. To do all things he has only to will them.

15. However, I declare that, considering things as they are, because God has decided to begin and accomplish his greatest works through the Blessed Virgin ever since he created her, we can safely believe that he will not change his plan in the time to come, for he is God and therefore does not change in his thoughts or his way of acting.

16. God the Father gave his only Son to the world only through Mary. Whatever desires the patriarchs may have cherished, whatever entreaties the prophets and saints of the Old Law may have had for 4,000 years to obtain that treasure, it was Mary alone who merited it and found grace before God by the power of her prayers and the perfection of her virtues. ‘The world being unworthy,’ said Saint Augustine, ‘to receive the Son of God directly from the hands of the Father, he gave his Son to Mary for the world to receive him from her.’

The Son of God became man for our salvation but only in Mary and through Mary.

God the Holy Spirit formed Jesus Christ in Mary but only after having asked her consent through one of the chief ministers of his court.

17. God the Father imparted to Mary his fruitfulness as far as a mere creature was capable of receiving it, to enable her to bring forth his Son and all the members of his mystical body.

18. God the Son came into her virginal womb as a new Adam into his earthly paradise, to take his delight there and produce hidden wonders of grace. God-made-man found freedom in imprisoning himself in her womb. He displayed power in allowing himself to be borne by this young maiden. He found his glory and that of his Father in hiding his splendours from all creatures here below and revealing them only to Mary. He glorified his independence and his majesty in depending upon this lovable virgin in his conception, his birth, his presentation in the temple, and in the thirty years of his hidden life. Even at his death she had to be present so that he might be united with her in one sacrifice and be immolated with her consent to the eternal Father, just as formerly Isaac was offered in sacrifice by Abraham when he accepted the will of God. It was Mary who nursed him, fed him, cared for him, reared him, and sacrificed him for us. The Holy Spirit could not leave such wonderful and inconceivable dependence of God unmentioned in the Gospel, though he concealed almost all the wonderful things that Wisdom Incarnate did during his hidden life in order to bring home to us its infinite value and glory. Jesus gave more glory to God his Father by submitting to his Mother for thirty years than he would have given him had he converted the whole world by working the greatest miracles. How highly then do we glorify God when to please him we submit ourselves to Mary, taking Jesus as our sole model.

19. If we examine closely the remainder of the life of Jesus Christ, we see that he chose to begin his miracles through Mary. It was by her word that he sanctified Saint John the Baptist in the womb of his mother, Saint Elizabeth; no sooner had Mary spoken than John was sanctified. This was his first and greatest miracle of grace. At the wedding in Cana he changed water into wine at her humble prayer, and this was his first miracle in the order of nature. He began and continued his miracles through Mary and he will continue them through her until the end of time.

20. God the Holy Spirit, who does not produce any divine person, became fruitful through Mary whom he espoused. It was with her, in her and of her that he produced his masterpiece, God-made-man, and that he produces every day until the end of the world the members of the body of this adorable Head. For this reason the more he finds Mary his dear and inseparable spouse in a soul the more powerful and effective he becomes in producing Jesus Christ in that soul and that soul in Jesus Christ.
— (St. de Montfort, True Devotion to Mary, TD 1.1 Incarnation)

The link between Jesus and Mary is so strong that Simeon at the Purification at the Temple prophesied that Mary would share in her divine Son’s Passion:

[22] And after the days of her purification, according to the law of Moses, were accomplished, they carried him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord: [23] As it is written in the law of the Lord: Every male opening the womb shall be called holy to the Lord: [24] And to offer a sacrifice, according as it is written in the law of the Lord, a pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons: [25] And behold there was a man in Jerusalem named Simeon, and this man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Ghost was in him.

[26] And he had received an answer from the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Christ of the Lord. [27] And he came by the Spirit into the temple. And when his parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him according to the custom of the law, [28] He also took him into his arms, and blessed God, and said: [29] Now thou dost dismiss thy servant, O Lord, according to thy word in peace; [30] Because my eyes have seen thy salvation,

[31] Which thou hast prepared before the face of all peoples: [32] A light to the revelation of the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel. [33] And his father and mother were wondering at those things which were spoken concerning him. [34] And Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary his mother: Behold this child is set for the fall, and for the resurrection of many in Israel, and for a sign which shall be contradicted; [35] And thy own soul a sword shall pierce, that, out of many hearts, thoughts may be revealed.
— (Luke 2: 22-35)

The unique relationship between the New Adam and New Eve is so great that the Blessed Virgin cooperates in her Divine Son’s mission in an absolutely unique way as they work together to redeem mankind from the fall of our first parents. The sword that pierced the Immaculate Heart of Our Lady of Sorrows was her cooperation in offering her Divine Son as a sacrifice to God in expiation for our sins. On account of Mary’s immaculate conception, her sinlessness, and her tremendous level of sanctification, she felt an unfathomable level of sorrow as she watched her innocent and divine son hang on the cross. As a perfect creature, she was able to feel pain in a way that no other human person could even imagine. So entwined are Jesus and Mary that we see in The Gospel According to St. John 2: 4 , where Mary intercedes on behalf of the bride and groom and asks her sweet Jesus to work His first public miracle at the wedding feast of Cana to which Jesus responds, “Woman, what is that to me and to thee?” This response harkens to the Woman foretold in Genesis and Jesus is telling his mother that what affects Him will also affect her. This cooperation is so immense and so uniquely profound that many theologians express it through the title of Co-Redemptrix. That Mary is called the Co-Redemptrix does not mean that she is equal to Christ, rather it means that she is subordinate to Christ while maintaining an essential participation in redemption. Pope Pius XII in his encyclical on the "Mystical Body of Christ", Mystici Corporis, said:

It was she, the second Eve, who, free from all sin, original or personal, and always more intimately united with her Son, offered Him on Golgotha to the Eternal Father for all the children of Adam, sin-stained by his unhappy fall, and her mother’s rights and her mother’s love were included in the holocaust. Thus she who, according to the flesh, was the mother of our Head, through the added title of pain and glory became, according to the Spirit, the mother of all His members.[9]
— (Pope Pius XII, Mystici Corporis)

Now it has clearly been shown how intimately united to Jesus Christ the Blessed Virgin Mary is and how this union causes her reception of the degree of worship entitled hyperdulia to be right and just. The reality is that the Blessed Virgin Mary is the Holy Mother of God, the Queen of Heaven and Earth, the Immaculate Conception, perfectly humble, the New Eve, the Ark of the New Covenant, and the Co-Redemptrix in Christ’s mission of Redemption and Salvation as she shares, in a subordinate manner, the Passion and Triumph of Jesus Christ. These mystifyingly magnificent realities illustrate how and why the Blessed Virgin Mary is the Virgin Most Powerful (Virgo Potens). Mary is the best mother and Jesus is the best son. Christ the King has been pleased to exalt His Holy Mother as the Queen of Heaven and Earth and as the Virgin Most Powerful. Jesus chose to come to us through His mother and fittingly He is pleased to have us come to Him through His mother. Go to Jesus through Mary. Trust in the unfailing, sweet, and loving intercession of the Virgin Most Powerful and be confident that her will is always in union with the will of her Divine Son, Jesus Christ.

There seems to be no better way to conclude these sublime meditations than with a prayer from the Auxilium Christianorum devotion to the Virgin Most Powerful.

August Queen of the Heavens, heavenly Sovereign of the Angels, thou who from the beginning hast received from God the power and the mission to crush the head of Satan, we humbly beseech thee to send thy holy legions, so that under thy command and through thy power, they may pursue the demons and combat them everywhere, suppress their boldness, and drive them back into the abyss. O good and tender Mother, thou wilt always be our love and hope! O Divine Mother, send thy Holy Angels to defend us and to drive far away from us the cruel enemy. Holy Angels and Archangels, defend us, guard us. Amen.

Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, have mercy on us. Mary, Help of Christians, pray for us.

Virgin Most Powerful, pray for us.

St. Joseph, pray for us.

St. Michael the Archangel, pray for us.

All You Holy Angels, pray for us.

In the Name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen.

*The quote from Pope St. Pius X at the top of the page comes from: The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Popes and the Papacy (2001) by Brandon Toropov, p. 26

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